Eino Solje, Finland

Communication on FTD: how to deal with the stigma and how to generate awareness


Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) encompasses a group of heterogenous syndromes that significantly diverge from the prototypical manifestation of dementing diseases. Diagnostic pathways within healthcare systems typically emphasize memory deficits and other cognitive symptoms associated with dementia, complicating recognition and management of FTD. Additionally, variable terminology, such as using the term “memory disorder” instead of “dementia” in some languages, generates further challenges in the understanding and handling of FTD.

Especially the neuropsychiatric and behavioural symptoms of FTD may be challenging to communicate with the patients, their families, and media. However, avoiding discussion on these symptoms may increase the stigma and stress in the families. Active communication of the broad spectrum of FTD symptoms and phenotypes is essential for ensuring equitable treatment and rights for the affected individuals. The lack of communication can also lead to serious legal challenges. For instance, some scientific articles have indicated that judges, making the decision of legal guardianship, do not always recognize major FTD-related symptoms as organic parts of dementia and may interpret that these symptoms are, in fact, signs of the free will of the individual.

Adopting a realistic and neutral communication approach with the public could increase awareness on FTD, accelerate its diagnosis, and diminish stigma surrounding FTD. Proactive engagement with various stakeholders, including families, healthcare professionals, and legal entities, is crucial for promoting equitable access to support services and legal protection. Sharing the best practices in communication and management strategies among stakeholders is imperative for optimizing the care and support for individuals with FTD and their families.


Associate Professor, Dr. Eino Solje works as Director of the Brain Research Unit at the University of Eastern Finland and Deputy Chief Physician of Neurology Clinic at the Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland. His research focuses especially on the clinical and translational aspects on the C9orf72-related FTD. He is one of the PIs in the national FinFTD network and local PI in several international FTD consortia, such as NIC-FTD, FRONTotemporal dementia Incidence European Research Study, NIC-FTD, SynaDeg, and GENFI.

  • Panel discussion

    Date: 20 Sep 2024Time: 16:00 - 16:00 CET
    Communication on FTD: how to deal with the stigma and how to generate awareness